Which Languages Do Mongolian People Speak?
The Languages of Mongolia
Mongolia is a fascinating country located in East Asia. The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian, but there are also many other languages spoken in the country. These Mongolian translators will tell you more about those languages.
Mongolian is the official language of Mongolia and is spoken by most of the population. It belongs to the Mongolic language family and has its own unique alphabet called “Vertical Mongolian Script”. The language has many loanwords from Chinese, Russian and other languages which have been adopted over time. Some common words in Mongolian include: tereg (hello), bayarlalaa (thank you) and bi baina uu? (how are you?).
Kazakh is another widely-spoken language in Mongolia, particularly among ethnic Kazakhs living in the western part of the country. Kazakh belongs to the Turkic language family, and has several dialects such as Kipchak, Karluk and Nogaï. Kazakh is written in the Cyrillic alphabet, and has many loanwords from Arabic, Persian and Mongolian languages. Some common words in Kazakh include: salam (hello), rahmat (thank you) and kim bopsiz? (how are you?).
Russian is also spoken by a significant number of people in Mongolia. It belongs to the Slavic language family and uses the Cyrillic alphabet. Russian was introduced to Mongolia during the Soviet era when many Russians settled in the country. With more than 20 million native speakers, it is one of the most widely-spoken languages in Eurasia. Some common words in Russian include: privet (hello), spasibo (thank you) and kak dela? (how are you?).
Other languages spoken in Mongolia include Buryat, Tuvan, Kalmyk, Dungan and Altay. Although these languages vary by region, they all belong to the Uralic language family. Many of them also use the Cyrillic alphabet. Some common words in Buryat include: sain baina uu? (hello), bayarlalaa (thank you) and bi shuud vzeh? (how are you?).
In conclusion, Mongolian is the official language of Mongolia but there are a number of other languages which are also widely spoken throughout the country.